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Getting Started With Moulding – Beginners Guide

Thursday, March 18, 2021

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moulding profiles molding trim custom
One of the most important architectural details in your home is moulding. It is the frame to your entire house that sets the stage from ceiling to floor. Interior trim is versatile, beyond framing each room you can use decorative mouldings to add design accents to the walls. As the #1 provider of custom moulding profiles in Las Vegas – we can match any profile brought to us! We grind custom profiles up to 9” with our knife grinding equipment. On-site in our showroom and mill we have 4,000 moulding profile knives that you can choose from.

Our state-of-the-art equipment including an upgraded knife grinder, gang rip, and moulder allows us to run standard profiles with a 3–5-day turnaround. If requesting a custom profile, turnaround is 5-7 days. We manufacture moulding from any hardwood or softwood you need, subject to the availability of raw lumber.

Types of Interior Trim

In general, moulding throughout a home or building should match. Moulding generally describes the covering of gaps between the wall and doors, windows, ceilings, and floors. Let’s go over the most common types of moulding.

Base moulding (baseboards) runs along the floor covering the joint where the bottom of the wall and the floor meet. Base moulding throughout the home ties all the rooms together. Case moulding (trim) borders the outside of doors and windows covering the gap between the wall, acting as picture frames to the openings of the room/building. Crown moulding (cornice) caps the top of the wall where it meets the ceiling, visually elevating the ceiling height.

Types of Decorative Moulding

There are multiple types of decorative moulding that act as accents giving a personal touch and design to the home/building. The major types that we typically manufacture are for the corners, stairs, and walls.

Outside corner moulding (corner trim) encases the protruding edge of the wall for protection or to hide the seam between walls. Chair rail moulding normally sits below the windowsill, no taller than a third of the length of the wall adding dimension to an otherwise flat wall. The chair rail also earned its name by protecting dining room walls from being bruised by chairs.

To create wainscoting on the bottom half of the wall panel moulding is often paired with a chair rail. It is trim combined with raised wall panels enhancing the crown and base moulding. Plant on moulding (applied moulding) is general-purpose profiles or decorative details that can be placed on top of other elements, wherever it looks good.

Types of Moulding Joints

To connect the wood mouldings there are two major types of moulding joints used. Tongue and groove (T&G) involve milling the moulding in which the tongue of one piece fits together with the groove of another piece, interlocking.  T&G is a long-lasting method for keeping the pieces together, it tends to lay flatter and allows the molding to be applied horizontally or vertically.

Shiplap involves milling the top and bottom of each piece of moulding to form a rabbet joint simply sitting evenly on top of one another. Due to its low cost and appeal to many homeowners, shiplap can be beneficial.

Woodstock Architectural Products can produce any mouldings of your dreams. We are your one-stop-shop when it comes to mouldings, book an appointment to get your order started today!


Black History Spotlight – African American Woodworkers

Tuesday, February 23, 2021

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Wood has always been a prominent building and construction material because it’s durable yet versatile. Making things from wood can start as a simple hobby and over time become your skill. Then beyond skill, there is a natural talent. Many woodworking projects today are replicas of another man’s creation.

While imitation is the best flattery it’s important to pay homage to those who paved the way before us. After the 13th amendment abolished slavery, many men had learned a trade that they continued to master as freemen. African American woodworkers were familiar with the beauty of wood and thus made beautiful cabinets, furniture, bed frames, instruments, and more.

Henry Boyd – Furniture Maker

The Boyd bedstead – a collector’s item today was one black man’s dream in the 1800s. At 24 years old, Henry Boyd moved to Ohio as a free man with no money and no one willing to hire him. He took odd-end jobs until one day an opportunity allowed him to craft a countertop for his boss at the time. That one opportunity showed he was a master woodworker. It led to more contract jobs until one day he was able to open his own shop.

In his shop, Henry builds bed frames with a revolutionary design. The bed design was highly sought after because it allowed the beds to be sturdier and more durable. He operated an integrated workplace of up to 50 men at one time. His success and popularity continued to rise, and he eventually built a showroom showing his bedsteads and parlor furniture. While some praised him, others caused his business to close from constant arson. His work auctions for top dollar today and regarded by some as the greatest pre–Civil War woodwork.

Thomas Day African American WoodworkerThomas Day – Cabinet Maker

When you ask for a “daybed” do you know you’re referencing the African American master cabinetmaker Thomas Day? Thomas Day born a free man in Southern Virginia moved to North Carolina and opened his own cabinet shop in 1827. 96% of the cabinetmakers in North Carolina were white at that time but Day had proven his skill and was treated with high regard in his community. He had unique artistry that excited his customers and kept them coming back.

He added architectural enhancements and curve features unlike any seen before. Yet the shapes were subtle small touches that gave simple pieces like sofas and dressers, great character. The Civil War caused Day’s shop to drop in prominence but today you can find his millwork in homes throughout North Carolina. From playful staircases and archways to hand carving that showcased his woodworking mastery – his work is in museums and considered to some as prized possessions.

Freeman Vines – Guitar Maker

Freeman Vines - African American Woodworker

Another North Carolina freeman who never made two guitars alike is Freeman Vines. A guitarist and wood craftsman, Freeman Vines has been making wood guitars hoping to create the perfect sound. Rescuing wood and upcycling its material adds a story to each guitar. He uses wood from unlikely places such as the soundboard of an old piano, the steps of an old tobacco barn, or even a previous hanging tree.

He crafts these reclaimed wood guitars by hand then plays each one of them. Some guitars are shaped like African masks while others have a simple design like that of a leaf or oar. Most notable about this skilled woodworker is his ability to rewrite his own people’s history. He made four guitars from a black walnut tree where a young man was hanged, and it plays beautifully honoring his ancestors with every strum.

Make a Lasting Mark

History is many things to many people. It can be a teacher and it can be a mirror. Showing us how we as Americans need to change and showing us how the past is ever-present today. History is important to us and we strive to understand it and learn from it.  At Woodstock AP, we treat all people with love and kindness. We handcraft wood pieces with the hope that they will bring happiness to whatever home they find. Our showroom is open, book an appointment for a dedicated tour and design consultation.

Additional sources: Smithsonian Magazine “Freeman Vines” & “Thomas Day”, Kentucky Tribune


Read Our Previous Blog Posts To Learn More About Wood


 

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